Intravenous Therapy –
- It is a mode of therapy, So the medications or Liquids are injected into the nerves, By Syringe or IV Infusion
- Meaning of Intravenous “Into Veins”.
- It’s also known as ‘Drip’.
- It is the most rapid and effectual administered route by which medicines or liquids, So they directly reached to each and every part of the body through the blood.
- Medicines or liquids given by syringe or also by IV Infusion.
Mode of access –
There are 3 ways to access Intravenous Therapy:
A. Peripheral line –
- Intravenous therapy is done by inserting a plastic tube into peripheral veins, So medications can reach to the bloodstream.
- Peripheral veins are present in Arms, Hands, Legs and also in Feets.
- This is also known the most commonly used Therapy to treat diseases.
B. Central lines –
- Intravenous therapy is done by insert a catheter into central lines, So they can treat diseases by medications.
- They are present below the collarbone (around the neck, and also around chest).
- There are 3 types of central lines:
PICC (Peripheral inserted central catheter) –
- Firstly they injected into the nerve which is present under the arm, So they can make a way.
- Then it shifted into the larger nerve (of the central part of the body).
- This nerve is present above the heart.
2. Tunneled catheter –
- A plastic tube inserted into the chest below the collarbone via the skin similarly like PICC.
3. Implanted port –
- This is a device which is placed under the chest skin ( on the right side).
- Port is attached to a plastic tube, which is shifted into a large vein known as Super vena-cava.
- A needle is inserted into the port through the skin, So they can take out the blood and give medicines or liquids.
C. Midline Catheter –
- It is a device which is usually injected in an upper arm nerve.
What is Infusion and its Types
- In which a small plastic tube is injected into nerves.
- A plastic tube is connected to a plastic bag of drugs or liquids, So it’s called an IV Infusion.
There are 3 types of Infusion:
1. Continuous Infusion
- In this type of Infusion, an organization of medicines is provided into blood nerves or bloodstream.
- This occurs continuously, therefore this process works without interruption for several days.
2. Secondary IV (Intravenous)
- It’s also called ‘Piggyback medication’.
- In this type of Infusion, Medicines or fluids are given in a small amount for a fixed / particular time.
3. IV Push (Intravenous Push)
- An injection of medicine, drug, nutrients or fluid is given immediately (within 30 seconds) So that it can work rapidly.
- A syringe is injected into the plastic tube to serve or inject medication So that the medications can reach to the bloodstream (it’s a one-time dose).